If you've been diagnosed with periodontal disease, periodontal therapy can help restore your smile.
Periodontitis is a chronic oral inflammatory disease defined by swelling of the gum tissue and loss of density in the bones that hold the teeth in place. It causes halitosis (bad breath), gum recession, and usually results in tooth loss if left untreated. Advanced gum disease has also been indicated in serious vascular conditions such as stroke, heart attack and plaque buildup on artery walls. Fortunately, Dr. Wyman Martin and the staff at The Martin Dental Center in Roswell, Georgia have the experience and training to help you stop periodontitis in its tracks.
A professional hygienist at your Roswell dentist's office starts the process of treating periodontal disease by manually removing hardened tartar, also called calculus, from your tooth surfaces. Because calculus cannot be removed using conventional cleaning methods like brushing and flossing, this deep cleaning procedure, called scaling and root planing, uses hand-held instruments that remove calculus from the surfaces of the teeth and gum line. Scaling and root planing is a similar procedure to having your teeth cleaned, although it can be more uncomfortable because of the contact the tools make with the gums. Local anesthetic can be applied to alleviate any discomfort.
Because the bacteria responsible for periodontal disease cannot live in an oxygenated environment, hydrogen peroxide is also used to treat it. The solution is introduced along the gum line with a water pick, which thoroughly cleanses the places where calculus clings. Dr. Martin encourages you to continue your periodontal therapy at home by gently brushing and rinsing with a strong hydrogen peroxide rinse. This is a good way to keep these pathogens at bay; they can easily return if you do not maintain strict oral hygiene on a daily basis.
Oral antibiotics (doxycycline) are sometimes prescribed. This medication works alongside the periodontal therapy done at home and in Dr. Martin's dental office by inhibiting bone and tissue loss. It generally has very few side effects.
In extreme cases, surgical intervention to graft tissue or bone may be the most effective option.
Periodontitis is an infection that can lead to serious consequences, but it is usually highly treatable. Your Roswell dentist, Dr. Wyman Martin, will discuss your diagnosis with you to plan the best way to treat it.